Butter Knife vs Dinner Knife – Which One Should Be Your First Choice?

Are you familiar with your table knives?

If you’ve ever found yourself sitting at a set table, there’s a chance you’ve seen a dinner knife and a butter knife as part of the setting. While these knives may look interchangeable, they serve two entirely different purposes.

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What is the Difference Between a Dinner Knife and a Butter Knife?

Spread butter knives are smaller knives with a plain edge and no tip that can use to cut butter. Table knives are sharpened (slightly serrated), but everyday knives with sharp edges are used to slice steak, chicken, vegetables, and other lunch or dinner items.

What is a Butter Knife?

A butter knife does exactly what its name implies. They are small, dull knives that are only used to spread butter on bread or other foods during mealtime.

There are two variations of the butter knife: the master butter knife and the butter spreader. These tools help with eating butter during mealtime, but in different ways.

Types of Butter Knives

Master Butter Knife

A master butter knife looks like a paring knife, coming with a sharp tip but with a dull blade. These knives are designed to cut because they are meant to cut a pat of butter from the main butter dish to put on a person’s plate.

Once the butter is transferred to the plate, guests can use their butter knives to spread butter on their food. The master butter knife makes it easy and sanitary for diners to take butter from one dish and still butter their foods.

Butter Spreader

A butter spreader is a knife with a dull blade and a distinctly rounded tip. This knife is kept on the bread plate and is used by individuals to spread butter on bread.

There are different ways a butter spreader can look. Some lie flat with flat handles, others have hollow handles, and some may be slightly bent for easier spreading. It all comes down to personal preference.

Butter Knife Uses

As we discussed above, a butter knife is best used to spread butter. Whether adding a pat of butter to a pile of potatoes or spreading butter on a dinner roll, the butter knife is the tool for the job.

In formal dining, a butter knife is reserved for butter only. But users at home can get creative! You can use a butter knife for other spreads, like jams or sauces. (In fact, they’re perfect for placement on charcuterie boards, as they are so small.)

Unfortunately, you can’t use a butter knife for cutting, as is typical for any other kitchen knife. Due to their dull edges, they can’t use these knives to cut through vegetables, meat, or fish the way a different kitchen knife can.

What is a Dinner Knife?

A dinner knife, sometimes called a table knife, is a multi-function knife used for all basic cutting during dining. They are typically included in most flatware and cutlery sets alongside your fork and spoon.

dinner knife

A dinner knife is usually long and flat, with a rounded end and a slightly serrated edge. A dinner knife can handle basic cutting, but it isn’t suited for foods that need something genuinely sharp. When someone orders a steak, a restaurant will replace the dinner knife with a steak knife as it is better suited to the job.

Dinner Knife Uses

As we touched on above, the dinner knife is meant to be used for cutting food while eatingCuttingng food into bite-sized pieces is also used to help move food around the plate and to help transfer food onto the fork while eating.

Certain foods require certain kinds of instruments for ease of use during formal dining. In informal dining, alongside the dinner knife, you’ll also see a fish, salad, or steak knife included in your place setting. Again, the dinner knife is pretty multi-purpose, but its lack of sharpness is why so many other kinds of knives exist.

Proper Knife Placement

These knives are intended for different uses; they have different placements when used in dining. This is where you should place these knives when following standard etiquette conventions.

Dinner Knife Placement

When setting a formal table, you should always set your dinner knife on the right side of the dinner plate. This is the hand most users will use to hold the knife while eating. The blade should always face inward, towards the plate.

The dinner knife is typically the innermost knife in the setting, sat directly next to the plate, as it is meant for use in the main course. However, if a guest requires a different knife like a steak knife, this will replace the dinner knife in terms of placement.

Butter Knife Placement

There are different placements for the master butter knife and butter spreader when setting a formal dining table.

When present, people will place a master butter knife next to the main butter dish or butter plate in the middle of the table. People can then pass around the butter dish and master butter knife, as needed, to place butter on their plate.

You will place the butter spreader on the bread plate when setting a formal dinner table. The bread plate will be over the forks to the top left of the main dinner plate.

The butter knife should be set horizontally, with the knife blade resting on the middle of the plate and the handle sticking straight out on the right side. This makes it easy for your guests to grab and use it. 

Which Should I Choose?

Now that you know the difference, you might ask: which knife is best?

These two knife types are suited to different foods, so it all boils down to what you’re eating, when, and why. For most casual eating at home, a dinner knife will be all you truly need for cutting and spreading butter. However, if you want to get fancy and formal, the butter knife can elevate a place setting! They can also be handy when eating snacks or foods with spreads when you need a small tool for the job.

These knives can and should have a place at your dinner table, especially for those looking to elevate meal time. We hope this article helped shed some light on these knives and what they’re meant to do!

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John Siracusa

Cooking, for me, has always been an "art" infused with traditions. My career was inspired by Hell's Kitchen, the West Side of Manhattan, which boasts one of N.Y. City's best independent restaurant communities, along with Gordon Ramsay's no-nonsense approach towards always being your best.

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